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World Events:
  • Anthony Eden resigns (Jan. 9); MacMillan becomes British Prime Minister.

  • Russia launches Sputnik I, first earth-orbiting satellite—the Space Age begins (Oct. 4).

  • The USSR tests its first successful ICBM.

  • Population: 2.888 billion

US Events:

  • Eisenhower Doctrine calls for aid to Mideast countries that resist armed aggression from Communist-controlled nations (Jan. 5).

  • The "Little Rock Nine" integrate Arkansas high school. Eisenhower sends troops to quell mob and protect the students after Gov. Orval Faubus defies federal order (Sept. 24).

  • President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
    Population: 171,984,130
    Life expectancy: 69.5 years
    Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.5

Economics:

US GDP (1998 dollars):   $461 billion
Federal spending:   $76.58 billion
Federal debt:   $272.3 billion
Consumer Price Index:   28.1
Unemployment:   4.1%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.03

Sports:

World Series
Milwaukee Braves d. NY Yankees (4-3)

NBA Championship
Boston d. St. Louis Hawks (4-3)

Stanley Cup
Montreal d. Boston (4-1)

Wimbledon
Women: Althea Gibson d. D. Hard (6-3 6-2)
Men: Lew Hoad d. A. Cooper (6-2 6-1 6-2)

Kentucky Derby Champion
Iron Liege

NCAA Basketball Championship
North Carolina d. Kansas (54-53 3OT)

NCAA Football Champions
Auburn (AP) (10-0-0) & Ohio St. (UP, FW, INS) (9-1-0)

Entertainment:

Events

  • Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story debuts on Broadway and brings violence to the stage.

  • Eugene O'Neill's A Long Day's Journey Into Night is produced posthumously and wins both the Tony Award and Pulitzer Prize.

  • Columbia University professor Charles Van Doren becomes a media sensation by winning $129,000 on the quiz show Twenty One.

  • Leave It to Beaver premieres on CBS, ushering in an era of television shows that depict the ideal American.

Movies

  • The Bridge on the River Kwai, Twelve Angry Men, Sayonara, Peyton Place, Witness for the Prosecution

Books

  • James Agee, A Death in the Family

  • John Cheever, The Wapshot Chronicle

  • Noam Chomsky, Syntactic Structures

  • Lawrence Durrell, Justine

  • Jack Kerouac, On the Road

  • Denise Levertov, Here and Now

  • Bernard Malamud, The Assistant

  • Robert Penn Warren, Promises: Poems 1954—56

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: No award
Music: Meditations on Ecclesiastes, Norman Dello Joio
Drama: Long Day's Journey Into Night, Eugene O'Neill

Oscars awarded in 1957


Academy Award, Best Picture: Around the World in 80 Days, Michael Todd, producer (United Artists)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Albert Camus (France)

1957 Emmy Awards

Best Series, Half Hour or Less Phil Silvers Show (CBS)
Best Series, One Hour or More Caesar's Hour (NBC)
Best Continuing Performance By an Actor in a Dramatic Series Robert Young, Father Knows Best
Best Continuing Performance By an Actress in a Dramatic Series Loretta Young, Loretta Young Show
Best Supporting Performance By an Actor Carl Reiner, Caesar's Hour
Best Supporting Performance By an Actress Pat Carroll, Caesar's Hour
Best Direction, Half Hour or Less Sheldon Leonard, Danny Thomas Show: “Danny's Comeback”
Best Teleplay Writing, Half Hour or Less James P. Cavanagh, Alfred Hitchcock Presents: “Fog Closing In”
Best Direction, One Hour or More Ralph Nelson, Playhouse 90: Requiem for a Heavyweight
Best Teleplay Writing, One Hour or More Rod Serling, Playhouse 90: Requiem for a Heavyweight
Best Male Personality, Continuing Performance Perry Como
Best Female Personality, Continuing Performance Dinah Shore
Best New Program Series Playhouse 90 (CBS)
Best Single Program of the Year Playhouse 90: Requiem for a Heavyweight (CBS)
Best Single Performance By an Actor Jack Palance, Playhouse 90: Requiem for a Heavyweight
Best Single Performance By an Actress Claire Trevor, Producers' Showcase: Dodsworth
Best Continuing Performance By a Comedian in a Series Sid Caesar, Caesar's Hour
Best Continuing Performance By a Comedienne in a Series Nanette Fabray, Caesar's Hour
Best Comedy Writing, Variety or Situation Comedy Nat Hiken, Billy Friedberg, Tony Webster, Leonard Stern, Arnold Rosen and Coleman Jacoby, Phil Silvers Show
Best Public Service Series See It Now (CBS)
Best News Commentator Edward R. Murrow

 

1957 Tony Awards

Play Long Day's Journey Into Night
Musical My Fair Lady
Actor—Play Fredric March, Long Day's Journey Into Night
Actress—Play Margaret Leighton, Separate Tables
Supporting or Featured Actor—Play Frank Conroy, The Potting Shed
Supporting or Featured Actress—Play Peggy Cass, Auntie Mame
Actor—Musical Rex Harrison, My Fair Lady
Actress—Musical Judy Holliday, Bells Are Ringing
Supporting or Featured Actor—Musical Sydney Chaplin, Bells Are Ringing
Supporting or Featured Actress—Musical Edith Adams, Li'l Abner
Author—Play Eugene O'Neill, Long Day's Journey Into Night
Author—Musical Alan Jay Lerner, My Fair Lady
Director Moss Hart, My Fair Lady
Producers—Play Leigh Connell, Theodore Mann and José Quintero, Long Day's Journey Into Night
Producer—Musical Herman Levin, My Fair Lady
Composer Frederick Loewe, My Fair Lady
Scenic Designer Oliver Smith, My Fair Lady
Costume Designer Cecil Beaton, My Fair Lady
Choreographer Michael Kidd, Li'l Abner
Conductor and Musical Director Franz Allers, My Fair Lady
Stage Technician Howard McDonald, Major Barbara
Special Awards American Shakespeare Festival
Jean-Louis Barrault—French Repertory
Robert Russell Bennett
William Hammerstein
Paul Shyre

Miss America: Marian McKnight (SC)

Science:

  • Temporary artificial heart invented by Willem Kolff.

  • Interferon invented by Alick Isaacs and Jean Lindemann (England and Switzerland).

  • Clarence W. Lillehie and Earl Bakk (US) invent the internal pacemaker. Background: Health & Nutrition

  • Bardeen, Cooper, and Scheiffer (US) propose a theory of superconductivity.

  • First round-the-world nonstop jet plane flight. Maj. Gen. Archie J. Old, Jr. (USAF) led a flight of three Boeing B-52 bombers around the world in 45 hours, 19 minutes (completed Jan. 18). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation

  • Nobel Prizes in Science

    Chemistry: Sir Alexander Todd (UK), for research with chemical compounds that are factors in heredity

    Physics: Tsung Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang (China), for disproving principle of conservation of parity

    Physiology or Medicine: Daniel Bovet (Italy), for development of drugs to relieve allergies and relax muscles during surgery

     

Deaths:

  • Humphrey Bogart

  • Richard E. Byrd

  • Joseph McCarthy

  • Arturo Toscanini


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