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World Events
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  • European Economic Community (Common Market) becomes effective (Jan. 1).

  • Egypt and Syria merge into United Arab Republic (Feb. 1).

  • Khrushchev becomes Premier of Soviet Union as Bulganin resigns (Mar. 27). Background: Rulers of Russia since 1533

  • Gen. Charles de Gaulle becomes French premier (June 1), remaining in power until 1969.

  • Eisenhower orders US Marines into Lebanon at request of President Chamoun, who fears overthrow (July 15).

  • New French constitution adopted (Sept. 28), de Gaulle elected president of 5th Republic (Dec. 21).

  • World Statistics

    Population: 2.945 billion

    Nobel Peace Prize:
    Rev. Dominique Georges Henri Pire (Belgium)

U.S. Events
  • US Supreme Court rules unanimously that Little Rock, Ark., schools must integrate (Sept. 29). Background: Civil Rights

  • Army's Jupiter-C rocket fires first US satellite, Explorer I, into orbit (Jan. 31).

  • U.S. Statistics

    President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
    Population: 174,881,904
    Life expectancy: 69.6 years
    Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.5

Economics
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US GDP (1998 dollars):   $467.3 billion
Federal spending:   $82.41 billion
Federal debt:   $279.7 billion
Consumer Price Index:   28.9
Unemployment:   4.3%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.03 ($0.04 as of 8/1/58)


Sports

World Series
NY Yankees d. Milwaukee Braves (4-3)

NBA Championship
St. Louis Hawks d. Boston (4-2)

Stanley Cup
Montreal d. Boston (4-2)

Wimbledon
Women: Althea Gibson d. A. Mortimer (8-6 6-2)
Men: Ashley Cooper d. N. Fraser (3-6 6-3 6-4 13-11)

Kentucky Derby Champion
Tim Tam

NCAA Basketball Championship
Kentucky d. Seattle (84-72)

NCAA Football Champions
LSU (AP, UPI) (11-0-0) & Iowa (FW) (8-1-1)

World Cup
Brazil d. Sweden (5-2)


Entertainment
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  • Billboard debuts its Hot 100 chart. Ricky Nelson's "Poor Little Fool" boasts the first No. 1 record.

  • Alvin Ailey establishes the American Dance Theatre.

  • Elvis Presley is inducted into the U.S. Army (March 24).

Movies

    • Vertigo, Gigi, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Defiant Ones

Books

    • Antonin Artaud, The Theatre and Its Double

    • Truman Capote, Breakfast at Tiffany's

    • John Cheever, The Housebreaker of Shady Hill

    • Jack Kerouac, The Subterraneans, The Dharma Bums

    • Stanley Kunitz, Selected Poems, 1928—1958

    • Theodore Roethke, Words for the Wind

    • Claude Lévi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology

    • Leon Uris, Exodus
    • Entertainment Awards
    • Pulitzer Prizes
      Fiction: A Death in the Family, James Agee
      Music: Vanessa, Samuel Barber
      Drama: Look Homeward, Angel, Ketti Frings

      Oscars awarded in 1958
      Academy Award, Best Picture: The Bridge on the River Kwai, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)

      Nobel Prize for Literature: Boris Pasternak (USSR) (declined)

      1958 Emmy Awards

      1958 Tony Awards

      Miss America: Marilyn Van Derbur (CO)

Science
  • First transatlantic jet passenger service started by BOAC, with a New York to London route (Oct. 4). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation

  • The existence of the Van Allen Belt, a radiation belt surrounding the Earth, is confirmed by the Explorer I satellite. Background: Astronomy

  • NASA initiates Project Mercury, aimed at putting a man in space within two years. Background: US Staffed Space Flights

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Frederick Sanger (UK), for determining molecular structure of insulin

Physics: Pavel A. Cherenkov, Ilya M. Frank, and Igor E. Tamm (all USSR), for work resulting in development of cosmic-ray counter

Physiology or Medicine: Joshua Lederberg (US), for work with genetic mechanisms; George W. Beadie and Edward L. Tatum (both US), for discovering how genes transmit hereditary characteristics

Deaths
  • Robert Donat

  • Norman Bel Geddes

  • Alfred Noyes


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