European Economic Community (Common Market) becomes effective (Jan. 1).
Egypt and Syria merge into United Arab Republic (Feb. 1).
Khrushchev becomes Premier of Soviet Union as Bulganin resigns (Mar. 27). Background: Rulers of Russia since 1533
Gen. Charles de Gaulle becomes French premier (June 1), remaining in power until 1969.
Eisenhower orders US Marines into Lebanon at request of President Chamoun, who fears overthrow (July 15).
New French constitution adopted (Sept. 28), de Gaulle elected president of 5th Republic (Dec. 21).
Population: 2.945 billion
Nobel Peace Prize:
Rev. Dominique Georges Henri Pire (Belgium)
US Supreme Court rules unanimously that Little Rock, Ark., schools must integrate (Sept. 29). Background: Civil Rights
Army's Jupiter-C rocket fires first US satellite, Explorer I, into orbit (Jan. 31).
President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Life expectancy: 69.6 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.5
US GDP (1998 dollars): $467.3 billion
Federal spending: $82.41 billion
Federal debt: $279.7 billion
Consumer Price Index: 28.9
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03 ($0.04 as of 8/1/58)
NY Yankees d. Milwaukee Braves (4-3)
St. Louis Hawks d. Boston (4-2)
Montreal d. Boston (4-2)
Women: Althea Gibson d. A. Mortimer (8-6 6-2)
Men: Ashley Cooper d. N. Fraser (3-6 6-3 6-4 13-11)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Kentucky d. Seattle (84-72)
NCAA Football Champions
LSU (AP, UPI) (11-0-0) & Iowa (FW) (8-1-1)
Brazil d. Sweden (5-2)
Billboard debuts its Hot 100 chart. Ricky Nelson's "Poor Little Fool" boasts the first No. 1 record.
Alvin Ailey establishes the American Dance Theatre.
Elvis Presley is inducted into the U.S. Army (March 24).
- Vertigo, Gigi, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Defiant Ones
- Antonin Artaud, The Theatre and Its Double
- Truman Capote, Breakfast at Tiffany's
- John Cheever, The Housebreaker of Shady Hill
- Jack Kerouac, The Subterraneans, The Dharma Bums
- Stanley Kunitz, Selected Poems, 1928—1958
- Theodore Roethke, Words for the Wind
- Claude Lévi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology
- Leon Uris, Exodus
- Entertainment Awards
Fiction: A Death in the Family, James Agee
Music: Vanessa, Samuel Barber
Drama: Look Homeward, Angel, Ketti Frings
Oscars awarded in 1958
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Bridge on the River Kwai, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Boris Pasternak (USSR) (declined)
1958 Emmy Awards
1958 Tony Awards
Miss America: Marilyn Van Derbur (CO)
Nobel Prizes in Science
- First transatlantic jet passenger service started by BOAC, with a New York to London route (Oct. 4). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation
- The existence of the Van Allen Belt, a radiation belt surrounding the Earth, is confirmed by the Explorer I satellite. Background: Astronomy
- NASA initiates Project Mercury, aimed at putting a man in space within two years. Background: US Staffed Space Flights
Chemistry: Frederick Sanger (UK), for determining molecular structure of insulin
Physics: Pavel A. Cherenkov, Ilya M. Frank, and Igor E. Tamm (all USSR), for work resulting in development of cosmic-ray counter
Physiology or Medicine: Joshua Lederberg (US), for work with genetic mechanisms; George W. Beadie and Edward L. Tatum (both US), for discovering how genes transmit hereditary characteristics
- Robert Donat
- Norman Bel Geddes
- Alfred Noyes
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