American U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary Powers, shot down over Russia (May 1).
Khrushchev kills Paris summit conference because of U-2 (May 16).
Top Nazi murderer of Jews, Adolf Eichmann, captured by Israelis in Argentina (May 23)—executed in Israel in 1962.
Communist China and Soviet Union split in conflict over Communist ideology.
Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria, Madagascar, and Zaire (Belgian Congo) gain independence.
There are 900 US military advisers in South Vietnam. Background: Vietnam War
Population: 3.039 billion
Nobel Peace Prize:
Albert John Luthuli (South Africa)
John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon in a closely-fought presidential race.
Black sit-in at Greensboro, N.C., diner receives national attention. Background: Civil Rights
President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Life expectancy: 69.7 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 18.9
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 17.3
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.7
US GDP (1998 dollars): $526.6 billion
Federal spending: $92.19 billion
Federal debt: $290.5 billion
Consumer Price Index: 29.6
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.04
Pittsburgh d. NY Yankees (4-3)
Boston d. St. Louis Hawks (4-3)
Montreal d. Toronto (4-0)
Women: Maria Bueno d. S. Reynolds (8-6 6-0)
Men: Neale Fraser d. R. Laver (6-4 3-6 9-7 7-5)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Ohio St. d. California (75-55)
NCAA Football Champions
Minnesota (AP, UPI, NFF) (8-2-0) & Mississippi (FW) (10-0-1)
1960 Summer Olympics
1960 Winter Olympics
- Seventy million people watch the presidential debate between Sen. John F. Kennedy and Vice President Richard Nixon.
- John Coltrane forms his own quartet and becomes the voice of jazz's New Wave movement.
- Ninety percent of U.S. homes have a television set.
- Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho terrifies movie-goers and becomes one of the year's most successful films, as well as one of the most memorable psychological thrillers.
- Psycho, The Apartment, The Sundowners, Sons and Lovers
- John Barth, The Sot-Weed Factor
- Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird
- Flannery O'Connor, The Violent Bear It Away
- Anne Sexton, To Bedlam and Part Way Back
- William Styron, Set This House on Fire
- John Updike, Rabbit, Run
Fiction: Advise and Consent, Allen Drury
Music: Second String Quartet, Elliott Carter
Drama: Fiorello! George Abbott, Jerome Weidman, Jerry Bock, and Sheldon Harnick
Oscars awarded in 1960
Academy Award, Best Picture: Ben-Hur, Sam Zimbalist, producer (MGM)
Nobel Prize for Literature: St. John Perse (Alexis St.-Léger Léger) (France)
1960 Emmy Awards
1960 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1960
Record of the Year: "Mack the Knife," Bobby Darin
Album of the Year: Come Dance With Me, Frank Sinatra (Capitol)
Song of the Year: "The Battle of New Orleans," Jimmy Driftwood, songwriter
Miss America: Lynda Lee Mead (MS)
The first working laser is built by T. H. Maiman (US).
Echo I, the first communications satellite, is launched.
NASA launches Tiros I, the first weather satellite. Background:
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Willard F. Libby (US), for “atomic time clock” to measure age of objects by measuring their radioactivity
Physics: Donald A. Glaser (US), for invention of ""bubble chamber"" to study subatomic particles
Physiology or Medicine: Sir Macfarlane Burnet (Australia) and Peter Brian Medawar (UK), for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance
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