France transfers sovereignty to new republic of Algeria (July 3).
Cuban Missile Crisis: USSR to build missile bases in Cuba; Kennedy orders Cuban blockade, lifts blockade after Russia backs down (Aug.-Nov.).
Pope John XXIII opens Second Vatican Council (Oct. 11).
Cuba releases 1,113 prisoners of 1961 invasion attempt (Dec. 24).
Burundi, Jamaica, Western Samoa, Uganda, and Trinidad and Tobago become independent.
Population: 3.136 billion
Nobel Peace Prize:
Linus Pauling (US)
James H. Meredith, escorted by federal marshals, registers at University of Mississippi (Oct. 1).
Pat Brown defeats Richard Nixon in the California gubernatorial race.
President: John F. Kennedy
Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
Life expectancy: 70.1 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 20.2
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 18.6
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.8
US GDP (1998 dollars): $585.2 billion
Federal spending: $106.82 billion
Federal debt: $302.9 billion
Consumer Price Index: 30.2
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.04
NY Yankees d. San Francisco Giants (4-3)
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Toronto d. Chicago (4-2)
Women: Karen Susman d. V. Sukova (6-4 6-4)
Men: Rod Laver d. M. Mulligan (6-2 6-2 6-1)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Cincinnati d. Ohio St. (71-59)
NCAA Football Champions
Brazil d. Czechoslovakia (3-1)
- Marilyn Monroe dies of a drug overdose at age 36.
- The first transatlantic television transmission occurs via the Telstar Satellite, making worldwide television and cable networks a reality.
- Government regulations force studios out of the talent agency business.
- Johnny Carson takes over hosting duties of The Tonight Show.
- Lawrence of Arabia, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Manchurian Candidate, Divorce-Italian Style
- James Baldwin, Another Country
- Jorge Luis Borges, Labyrinths, Ficciones
- Rachel Carson, Silent Spring
- Robert Frost, In the Clearing
- Günter Grass, The Tin Drum
- Ken Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoo' Nest
- Sylvia Plath, The Colossus and Other Poems
- Anne Sexton, All My Pretty Ones
- William Stafford, Traveling through the Dark
- Richard Yates, Eleven Kinds of Loneliness
Fiction: The Edge of Sadness, Edwin O'Connor
Music: The Crucible, Robert Ward
Drama: How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, Frank Loesser and Abe Burrows
Oscars awarded in 1962
Academy Award, Best Picture: West Side Story, Robert Wise, producer (United Artists)
Nobel Prize for Literature: John Steinbeck (US)
1962 Emmy Awards
1962 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1962
Record of the Year: "Moon River," Henry Mancini
Album of the Year: Judy at Carnegie Hall, Judy Garland (Capitol)
Song of the Year: "Moon River," Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer, songwriters
Miss America: Maria Fletcher (NC)
Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr., is first American to orbit Earth — three times in 4 hours 55 minutes (Feb. 20). Background: US Staffed Space Flights
Mariner II, the first interplanetary probe, reaches Venus. Background: US Unstaffed Planetary and Lunar Programs
Unimation introduces the first industrial robot.
The commercially sponsored Telstar communications satellite is launched.
Chemistry: Max F. Perutz and John C. Kendrew (UK), for mapping protein molecules with X-rays
Physics: Lev D. Landau (USSR), for his theories about condensed matter
Physiology or Medicine: James D. Watson (US), Maurice H. F. Wilkins, and Francis H. C. Crick (both UK), for determining structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
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