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World Events
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  • A military junta led by Major General Idi Amin siezes power in Uganda (Jan. 25).

  • Mao Zedong invites the US ping-pong team to visit Beijing (Apr. 6).

  • Nixon ends the US trade embargo against China. (Apr. 14).

  • Erich Honecker assumes leadership of the East German Communist Party after Walter Ulbricht's resignation (May).

  • India and the USSR sign a 20-year friendship pact (Aug. 9).

  • President Mobutu renames the Democratic Republic of Congo, establishing Zaire (Oct. 27).


U.S. Events
  • US Supreme Court rules unanimously that busing of students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation (April 20).

  • Anti-war militants attempt to disrupt government business in Washington (May 3)—police and military units arrest as many as 12,000; most are later released.

  • Pentagon Papers published (June 13).

  • Twenty-sixth Amendment to US Constitution lowers voting age to 18. (June 30).


Economics
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US GDP (1998 dollars):   $1,125.40 billion
Federal spending:   $210.17 billion
Federal debt:   $408.2 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars):  
$9,028
Consumer Price Index:   40.5
Unemployment:   4.9%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.06 ($0.08 as of 5/16/71)

Sports
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Super Bowl
Baltimore d. Dallas (16-13)

World Series
Pittsburgh d. Baltimore (4-3)

NBA Championship
Milwaukee d. Baltimore Bullets (4-0)

Stanley Cup
Montreal d. Chicago (4-3)

Wimbledon
Women: Evonne Goolagong d. M. Court (6-4 6-1)
Men: John Newcombe d. S. Smith (6-3 5-7 2-6 6-4 6-4)

Kentucky Derby Champion
Canonero II

NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Villanova (68-62)

NCAA Football Champions
Nebraska (13-0-0)


Entertainment
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Events

  • All in the Family debuts on CBS and introduces a trend in socially conscious programming.

  • Jim Morrison dies in Paris at age 27. (July 3).

  • The Allman Brothers' Duane Allman dies in a motorcycle accident at age 24. (Oct. 29).

  • The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts opens in Washington, D.C. with the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass.

Movies

  • A Clockwork Orange, The French Connection, The Last Picture Show, Fiddler on the Roof, McCabe & Mrs. Miller

Books

  • E.M. Forster, Maurice

  • John Hawkes, Blood Oranges

  • Frank O'Hara, The Collected Poems

  • Bernard Malamud, The Tenants

  • Cynthia Ozick, The Pagan Rabbi and Other Stories

  • Wallace Stegner, Angle of Repose


Science
  • Intel introduces the microprocessor. Background: Computers and Internet

  • Cho Hao Li synthesizes the growth hormone somatotropin. Background: Health & Nutrition

  • Mariner IX, orbitting Mars, takes revealing pictures of the planet's surface. Background: US Unstaffed Planetary and Lunar Programs


Deaths
  • J.C. Penney

  • Igor Stravinsky

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