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World Events
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  • President Nixon makes unprecedented eight-day visit to Communist China and meets with Mao Zedong (Feb. 17).

  • Britain takes over direct rule of Northern Ireland in bid for peace (March 24).

  • Eleven Israeli athletes at Olympic Games in Munich are killed after eight members of an Arab terrorist group invades Olympic Village; five guerrillas and one policeman are also killed (Sept. 5).

  • Nixon orders "Christmas bombing" of North Vietnam (Dec.). Background: Vietnam War

U.S. Events
  • George C. Wallace of Alabama is shot by Arthur H. Bremer at Laurel, Md., political rally (May 15).

  • Five men are apprehended by police in attempt to bug Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington, D.C.'s Watergate complex—start of the Watergate scandal (June 17).

  • US Supreme Court rules that death penalty is unconstitutional (June 29).
Economics
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US GDP (1998 dollars):   $1,237.30 billion
Federal spending:   $230.68 billion
Federal debt:   $435.9 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars):  
$9,697
Consumer Price Index:   41.8
Unemployment:   5.9%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.08

Sports
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Super Bowl
Dallas d. Miami (24-3)

World Series
Oakland A's d. Cincinnati (4-3)

NBA Championship
LA Lakers d. New York (4-1)

Stanley Cup
Boston d. NY Rangers (4-2)

Wimbledon
Women: Billie Jean King d. E. Goolagong (6-3 6-3)
Men: Stan Smith d. I. Nastase (4-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 7-5)

Kentucky Derby Champion
Riva Ridge

NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Florida St. (81-76)

NCAA Football Champions
USC (12-0-0)

Entertainment
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Events

  • Time Inc. transmits HBO, the first pay cable network.

  • Women dominate the 1971 Grammy Awards, taking all four top categories. Carole King won Record, Album and Song of the Year, while Carly Simon takes the Best New Artist award.

  • The National Institute of Mental Health and the surgeon general issue a report that claims exposure to violence on television fosters aggression in children.

  • Gloria Steinem's Ms magazine debuts.

  • M*A*S*H premieres on CBS.

  • Atari introduces the arcade version of Pong, the first video game. The home version comes out in 1974.

Movies

  • The Godfather, Deliverance, Cabaret, Sleuth, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie

Books

  • John Ashberry, Three Poems

  • John Gardner, The Sunlight Dialogues

  • Maxine Kumin, Up Country

  • James Merrill, Braving the Elements

  • Eudora Welty, The Optimist's Daughter

Science
  • CAT (Computerized Axial Tomography) scanning is developed in England.

  • The compact disk is developed by RCA (US).

  • The antidepressant Prozac (fluoxetine) is developed by Bryan B. Malloy (Scotland) and Klaus K. Schmiegel (US). Background: Health & Nutrition

  • The video disk is introduced by Philips Company (Netherlands).

  • Electronic mail is introduced. Queen Elizabeth will send her first email in 1976. Background: Computers and Internet

  • Apollo XVII, the last manned moon landing to date, returns to Earth with 250 pounds of lunar samples. Background: US Staffed Space Flights

Deaths
  • Gil Hodges

  • J. Edgar Hoover

  • Harry S. Truman


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